The Living Thing / Notebooks :

Coarse graining

Usefulness: 🔧
Novelty: 💡
Uncertainty: 🤪 🤪 🤪
Incompleteness: 🚧 🚧 🚧

AFAICT, this is the question ‘how much worse do your predictions get as you discard information in some orderly fashion?’, as framed by physicists.

Do “renormalisation groups”, whatever they are, fit in here?

Persistent Homolgy

What’s that?

Petri, G., Expert, P., Turkheimer, F., Carhart-Harris, R., Nutt, D., Hellyer, P. J., & Vaccarino, F. (2014). Homological scaffolds of brain functional networks. in Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 11(101), 20140873. DOI

Talks about a fun-sounding “persistent homology” idea, which sounds a little like some kind of topological measure theory to my analytics-biased perspective:

Persistent homology is a recent technique in computational topology developed for shape recognition and the analysis of high dimensional datasets [36,37]. It has been used in very diverse fields, ranging from biology [38,39] and sensor network coverage [40] to cosmology [41]. Similar approaches to brain data [42,43], collaboration data [44] and network structure [45] also exist. The central idea is the construction of a sequence of successive approximations of the original dataset seen as a topological space X. This sequence of topological spaces \(X_0, X_1, \dots{}, X_N = X\) is such that \(X_i \subseteq X_j\) whenever \(i < j\) and is called the filtration.

Canon

Refs

Bar-Yam, Yaneer. 2003. Dynamics of Complex Systems. Westview Press.

Castiglione, Patrizia, and Massimo Falcioni. 2008. Chaos and Coarse Graining in Statistical Mechanics. Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Petri, G., P. Expert, F. Turkheimer, R. Carhart-Harris, D. Nutt, P. J. Hellyer, and F. Vaccarino. 2014. “Homological Scaffolds of Brain Functional Networks.” Journal of the Royal Society Interface 11 (101): 20140873. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2014.0873.

Plis, Sergey, David Danks, and Jianyu Yang. 2015. “Mesochronal Structure Learning.” Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence : Proceedings of the ... Conference. Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence 31 (July). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4827356/.