The Living Thing / Notebooks :

Getting along

Tolerance, ghettoisation, xenophobic panic; Causes, pathologies and consequences of and suggestions for

/images/not_all_drivers.jpg

By Nora Samaran.

There is a variation on ‘Not All Men.’

It is called ‘I Feel Bad When You Say That.’

Noisy chaos of notes about the cultivation of tolerance and cooperation between people in the presence of cultural, ethnic, sexual (etc) difference. An inverse to neofeudalism, and a twin perhaps to cooperation.

Benefits of diversity

Need a cash payoff to explain why you should bother fostering tolerance despite the obvious difficulty? Sure, I can give you that, but quick question: Do you open with “what’s it worth to me?” in all your conversations? Are you, further, tiresome to be around? Just checkin’.

There is some famous recent Google research here (not peer-reviewed, mind)

Google: Foster psychological safety

Of the five key dynamics of effective teams that the researchers identified, psychological safety was by far the most important. The Google researchers found that individuals on teams with higher psychological safety are less likely to leave Google, they’re more likely to harness the power of diverse ideas from their teammates, they bring in more revenue, and they’re rated as effective twice as often by executives.

McKinsey report, Vivian Hunt, Dennis Layton, and Sara Prince: Why diversity matters

While correlation does not equal causation (greater gender and ethnic diversity in corporate leadership doesn’t automatically translate into more profit), the correlation does indicate that when companies commit themselves to diverse leadership, they are more successful.

The fragile feelings of the relatively privileged

Previously a disquieting curiosity, now a keystone in the edifice of contemporary feudalism.

Keyphrase: The klansman calling the snowflake white.

This thing about who the geeks are is a touch-point.

For a cultural-studies take which regards geekdom as a problem by trying to acquire the rights of other minorities, see Postmodern geekdom as simulated ethnicity.

For Scott Alexander eloquently arguing that lumping all geeks in together is a problem, see Untitles:

There is a growing trend in Internet feminism that works exactly by conflating the ideas of nerd, misogynist, virgin, person who disagrees with feminist tactics or politics, and unlovable freak.

A major point of his is that the counterpoint to sensitive men arguing #notallmen, is that there is a strand of internet discourse that argues #yesallgeeks. There is also one about the danger of arguing that oppression and toxicity is a zero sum game. Some other well-trurned thoughts also.

Anyway, moving on. An archetypical, if not the most dire, example was the aforementioned “gamergate”, where some boys were pissed that merely most, rather than all, video games, are for them. These ‘gaters ran around being shrill online and managed to legitimate a movement that habitually sheltered amongst them angry boys who like righteously making rape threats at a putative conspiracy of women who influencing video game coverage using their naughty vaginas.

A lot of this is about the spiraling unintended consequences of angry people attempting to have real discourse online.

Separate but equal?

Research group finds creating boundaries key to reducing ethnic violence.

Deep canvassing

Has a fascinating history, what with the famous LaCour study, which was fake, and the Broockman and Kalla study, which was real. There is a convenient Dave McRaney podcast on this theme.

For real this time: Talking to people about gay and transgender issues can change their prejudices.

HOWTO

Refs

Apne16
AP News. (2016) Google searches itself to build more productive teams. AP News.
BeFF06
Bernhard, H., Fischbacher, U., & Fehr, E. (2006) Parochial altruism in humans. Nature, 442(7105), 912–915. DOI.
Boha16
Bohannon, J. (2016) For real this time: Talking to people about gay and transgender issues can change their prejudices. Science. DOI.
BoGi04
Bowles, S., & Gintis, H. (2004) The evolution of strong reciprocity: cooperation in heterogeneous populations. Theoretical Population Biology, 65(1), 17–28. DOI.
BrKa16
Broockman, D., & Kalla, J. (2016) Durably reducing transphobia: A field experiment on door-to-door canvassing. Science, 352(6282), 220–224. DOI.
DiSø13
Dinesen, P. T., & Sønderskov, K. M.(2013) Ethnic Diversity and Social Trust: The Role of Exposure in the Micro-Context. Ethnic Diversity and Social Capital.
Duhi16
Duhigg, C. (2016, February 25) What Google Learned From Its Quest to Build the Perfect Team. The New York Times.
HoHo07
Horwitz, S. K., & Horwitz, I. B.(2007) The Effects of Team Diversity on Team Outcomes: A Meta-Analytic Review of Team Demography. Journal of Management, 33(6), 987–1015. DOI.
HuLP15
Hunt, V., Layton, D., & Prince, S. (2015) Why diversity matters. . McKinsey & Company
Jack09
Jackson, M. O.(2009) Social Structure, Segregation, and Economic Behavior. Presented as the Nancy Schwartz Memorial Lecture.
JoSa98
Johnsrud, L. K., & Sadao, K. C.(1998) The Common Experience of “Otherness”: Ethnic and Racial Minority Faculty. The Review of Higher Education, 21(4), 315–342. DOI.
KoEG14
Kokkonen, A., Esaiasson, P., & Gilljam, M. (2014) Migration-based Ethnic Diversity and Social Trust: A Multilevel Analysis of How Country, Neighbourhood and Workplace Diversity Affects Social Trust in 22 Countries. Scandinavian Political Studies.
Lubl15
Lublin, J. S.(2015, January 20) New Report Finds a ‘Diversity Dividend’ at Work. WSJ.
Mohd16
Mohdin, A. (2016, February 26) After years of intensive analysis, Google discovers the key to good teamwork is being nice. Quartz.
NSDS14
Nannestad, P., Svendsen, G. T., Dinesen, P. T., & Sønderskov, K. M.(2014) Do institutions or culture determine the level of social trust? The natural experiment of migration from non-western to western countries. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 40(4), 544–565.
Pete02
Peter Skerry. (2002, December 1) Beyond Sushiology: Does Diversity Work?. Brookings Institution.
RiBo01
Richerson, P. J., & Boyd, R. (2001) The evolution of subjective commitment to groups: A tribal instincts hypothesis. Evolution and the Capacity for Commitment, 3, 186–220.
RHWG14
Rutherford, A., Harmon, D., Werfel, J., Gard-Murray, A. S., Bar-Yam, S., Gros, A., … Bar-Yam, Y. (2014) Good Fences: The Importance of Setting Boundaries for Peaceful Coexistence. PLoS ONE, 9(5), e95660. DOI.