Q: Which of these tricks can I apply outside of deep settings?
- The effective capacity of neural networks is large enough for a brute-force memorization of the entire data set.
- Even optimization on random labels remains easy. In fact, training time increases only by a small constant factor compared with training on the true labels.
- Randomizing labels is solely a data transformation, leaving all other properties of the learning problem unchanged.
[…]Explicit regularization may improve generalization performance, but is neither necessary nor by itself sufficient for controlling generalization error. […]Appealing to linear models, we analyze how SGD acts as an implicit regularizer.
e.g. Prec12. Don’t keep training your model. The regularisation method that actually makes learning go faster, because you don’t bother to do as much of it.
A very popular of noise layer, multiplicative.
Parametric noise layer. If you are hip you will take this further and do it by…
See adversarial learning.
L_1, L_2, dropout… Seems to be applied to weights, but rarely to actual neurons.
See Compressing neural networks for that latter use.
This is attractive but has an expensive hyperparameter to choose.
An elegant autodiff hack, where you find the gradient of the model (loss?) with respect to the model hyperparameters. Usually regularisation hyperparameters, although they don’t require that. Proposed by Bengio, Baydin and Pearlmutter (Beng00, BaPe14) made feasible by Maclaurin et al (MaDA15). Differentiate your optimisation itself with respect to hyperparameters. Non-trivial to implement, though.
Choose your regularisation hyperparameters optimally even without fancy reversible learning but designing optimal experiments to find the optimum loss. See Bayesian optimisation.
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